Vinaceous-breasted Amazon Reintroduction
FLYING HIGHER AT ALL TIMES
Located between the municipalities of Passos Maia and Ponte Serrada, the Araucárias National Park is one of the last preserved areas of Araucária Forest vegetation. Although it houses several species of animals, the process of deforestation coupled with the intense animal trafficking in the region, led to the local extinction of the Vinaceous-breasted Amazon (Amazona vinacea) in the mid-19th century.
Thinking about this problem, in 2010 the Vinaceous-breasted Amazon reintroduction project began, rehabilitating animals from animal trafficking, rescue and voluntary delivery by ordinary citizens and returning them to the region. After the first release, of 13 individuals in 2011, the Instituto Espaço Silvestre team also started post-release monitoring work on the spot, through direct observations and radio-telemetry.
Despite the technical-scientific success of the project, we still need to fly further. Reports of hunting and animal trafficking in the region were still common, and through articulation with government agencies and the private sector, dozens of environmental education activities are carried out to date in the communities. At the same time, we trained countless local residents to participate in the project through citizen science, integrating environmental conservation and the local reality.
To date, 186 parrots have gone through the rigorous rehabilitation process and won freedom. There were 13 in January 2011, 30 in September 2012, 33 in June 2015, 7 in March 2016, 30 in June 2017, 40 in October 2018 and 33 in March 2019. In 2020, the greatest release since the project, scheduled to occur in the second half.
(1) Reintroduce the Vinaceous-breasted Amazon (Amazona vinacea) in the Araucárias National Park, SC, providing necessary support for the establishment of a viable population in the long term;
(2) Educating people about the purple-breasted parrot and its habitat;
(3) Generate opportunities and promote sustainable socioeconomic development for the communities that live in the surroundings of the National Park of Araucárias, SC;
(4) Generate scientific knowledge about the Vinaceous-breasted Amazon and programs for reintroducing wild animals into the wild.
Mission and objectives:
With a purple chest and a red spot on the head, the Vinaceous-breasted Amazon (Amazona vinacea) are symbols of the Araucária Forest, vegetation of the Atlantic Forest Biome and very associated with the distribution of this species. Classified as "Endangered" by IUCN, they reproduce between August and October, just after the end of the season with temperatures close to 0ºC and pine nuts, araucaria seeds and food for many species in winter.
Although it is a well-known species, especially by animal traffickers, its biology was still little studied until the beginning of the work of the Instituto Espaço Silvestre. Affectionately nicknamed “roxinhos”, they come to our care in several ways, such as, for example, through apprehensions of trafficking and voluntary surrender by ex-owners of these animals. Therefore, before starting all training for release, a rigid battery of clinical examinations, adaptation to a natural diet and confirmation of the possibility of flight of the animals is necessary.
Parrots that obtain satisfactory results in these criteria, are directed to a rigorous behavioral training that has as main objectives the identification - and escape - of predators and that they are able to distinguish feeding and sleeping environments, a common characteristic of these animals in nature. For this, our team is always studying and producing new scientific works on the subject, diversifying the approaches and possibilities.
With all the rehabilitation stages successfully completed, the animals are ready for release and are identified by radio-collars, microchips and washers provided by the National Research Center for Wild Bird Conservation. Finally, they are transported to an adaptation nursery within the Araucárias National Park and remain for a period of acclimatization on the site, the nursery being opened every day by day and closed at night, until none remain in place and feel safe for life in nature.
Genetic studies of Vinaceous-breasted Amazon
Studying the genetics of populations is important for the conservation of species and the environment in which they live. This is because nature is constantly changing and, to adapt to these changes, a species and / or a population needs to have genetic variability
Educating for the protection of nature
In addition to visits to properties, lectures are given in schools and companies in all communities in Passos Maia and Ponte Serrada. The campaign to protect the Vinaceous-breasted Amazon is maintained with the distribution of educational material.
Roxinhos' friends and income generation
Started in 2017, the job and income generation project for the local community stimulates economic development, social inclusion and conservation of endangered species, such as the Vinaceous-breasted Amazon